دانشگاه‌های ایرانی که دارای بیشترین مقالات یک درصد برتر هستند

دوشنبه 29 خرداد 1396 04:58 ق.ظ   نویسنده :      




مفیدستان:


دانشگاه‌های ایرانی که دارای بیشترین مقالات یک درصد برتر هستند


دانش > دانش – همشهری آنلاین:
دانشگاه‌ها و مراکز تحقیقاتی کشور با بیشترین مقالات یک درصد برتر معرفی شدند.

به گزارش فارس، محمدجواد دهقانی سرپرست پایگاه استنادی علوم جهان اسلام (ISC) گفت: هر چند به طور متوسط مقالاتی که در مجلات نمایه شده در پایگاه استنادی وب آو ساینس (آی.اس.آی) منتشر می‌شود از اثرگذاری بیشتری نسبت به سایر مقالات علمی دنیا استناد بالاتری دریافت می‌کند، اما تمامی مقالاتی که در مجلات آی.اس.آی منتشر می‌شود به یک نسبت استناد دریافت نمی‌کند.

دهقانی اظهار داشت: مقالات یک درصد برتر شامل تنها یک درصد از مقالاتی است که در مجلات آی.اس.آی منتشر می شود. هر چند آنها یک درصد از مقالات دنیا را تشکیل می‌دهد، اما ۱۸ درصد از استنادهای آن را دریافت می‌کند. تعداد استنادهای دریافتی مقالات جایگاه آنها را در شبکه علم در سطح بین‌المللی مشخص می‌کند.

وی افزود: تعداد استنادهای دریافتی مقالات یک دانشگاه تاثیر بسزایی در رتبه یک دانشگاه دارد. در حال حاضر یکی از شاخص‌های مهم در نظام‌های رتبه‌بندی ملی و بین‌المللی شاخص استناد است. استنادها به معنی میزان استفاده از آثار علمی هستند. هر چقدر استنادهای یک مقاله بیشتر باشد این بدان مفهوم است که آن مقاله بیشتر مورد استفاده قرار گرفته است.

سرپرست ISC ادامه داد: در اولین بند از سند سیاست‌های کلان علم و فناوری ابلاغی توسط مقام معظم رهبری به مرجعیت علم و فناوری در سطح بین‌الملل به عنوان هدف اشاره شده است. مرجعیت علمی به مفهوم استفاده از علم تولید شده است. مقالات یکی از مهمترین اشکال تولید علم در سطح بین‌المللی محسوب می‌شود. مقالات از این خاصیت برخوردارند که به طور منظم منتشر شده، بنابراین در یک شریان روزآمد امکان دسترسی به آخرین یافته‌های علمی در حوزه‌های مختلف را فراهم می‌آورند. انتشار آخرین یافته‌های علمی محققان در مجلات علمی دنیا نظامی را ایجاد نموده است که در آن علاوه بر داوری یافته‌های علمی، اطلاع از آخرین تحولات رشته‌های علمی امکان‌پذیر شده است.

وی افزود: پایگاه استنادی آی.اس.آی هر دو ماه یکبار بر حسب میزان استنادهایی که مقالات در سطح بین‌المللی دریافت کرده‌اند به معرفی مقالات یک درصد برتر می‌پردازد. باید در نظر داشت که در این بررسی تفاوت بین رشته‌ها لحاظ می‌شود. به دلیل اینکه اندازه رشته‌های مختلف با یکدیگر متفاوت است و با در نظر گرفتن فرهنگ استناد در رشته‌های مختلف باید قبل از تعیین مقالات برتر تعداد استنادها را بر حسب تفاوت رشته‌ها نرمال‌سازی کنیم.

دهقانی گفت: پایگاه استنادی آی.اس.آی در یک تقسیم‌بندی، علوم را به ۲۲ رشته موضوعی کلی تقسیم می‌کند. سپس مقالات هر رشته در ۱۰ سال اخیر را بر حسب سال‌های مختلف تفکیک می‌کند. در هر رشته و سال مقالات بر حسب تعداد استنادهای دریافتی رتبه‌بندی می‌شود. در گام بعدی یک درصد از مقالات بر حسب تعداد استنادهای دریافتی مرتب‌سازی شده و انتخاب می‌شود.

وی اضافه کرد: در بین دانشگاه‌های علوم پزشکی کشور دانشگاه‌های تهران، مشهد و شهید بهشتی به ترتیب بیشترین میزان مقالات برتر را تولید کرده‌اند.

سرپرست ISC ادامه داد: بررسی پژوهشگاه­‌ها و مراکز تحقیقاتی کشور نشان می‌دهد که پژوهشگاه دانش‌های بنیادی، انیستیتو پاستور ایران و پژوهشگاه صنعت نفت بیشترین تعداد مقالات یک درصد برتر را تولید کرده‌اند.

دهقانی گفت: در بین دانشگاه‌های جامع سه دانشگاه تهران، تربیت مدرس و مشهد دارای بیشترین مقالات یک درصد برتر کشور بوده‌اند. در بین دانشگاه‌های صنعتی کشور، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان، شریف و نوشیروانی بابل بیش سایر دانشگاه‌های صنعتی کشور مقاله برتر تولید کرده‌اند.



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